how to restart computer with keyboard? Mac | Window

how to restart computer with keyboard

Knowing Keyboard Shortcuts: Unlocking Efficiency and Productivity In today’s fast-paced digital world, efficiency is key to staying ahead. One often overlooked aspect of boosting productivity is mastering keyboard shortcuts. These nifty combinations of keys can significantly streamline your computer usage and save valuable time. Alongside keyboard shortcuts, understanding the importance of restarting your computer is crucial for maintaining optimal performance and resolving potential issues. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the ins and outs of keyboard shortcuts and delve into the benefits of restarting your computer regularly.

I. Understanding the Restart Functionality

Exploring the Purpose of Restarting a Computer Have you ever encountered sluggish performance, freezing applications, or unresponsive hardware? Restarting your computer can often be the solution to these common problems. By restarting, you essentially give your computer a fresh start, allowing it to clear temporary data, refresh system processes, and eliminate any lingering issues. Understanding the purpose behind restarting will empower you to optimize your computer’s performance effectively.

Differentiating Between Restarting and Shutting Down While restarting and shutting down may seem similar, they serve distinct purposes. Shutting down fully powers off your computer, terminating all processes and closing all applications. On the other hand, restarting closes running programs, shuts down the operating system, and then boots it up again. Restarting is particularly useful when troubleshooting issues or installing software updates that require a system reboot.

II. Common Methods for Restarting a Computer

Navigating the Graphical User Interface (GUI) Options One of the simplest ways to restart your computer is through the graphical user interface provided by your operating system. We will explore two common GUI options: accessing the Start menu for restart in Windows and utilizing the Apple menu on macOS.

Accessing the Start Menu for Restart (Windows) In Windows operating systems, the Start menu serves as a central hub for accessing various functions. To restart your computer, simply follow these steps:

  1. Click on the Start button, typically located at the bottom left corner of the screen.
  2. From the Start menu, select the Power icon.
  3. In the Power options, choose Restart.

Using the Windows 10 Power User Menu Windows 10 offers a handy Power User menu, granting quick access to essential system functions. To restart your computer using this menu, follow these steps:

  1. Press the Win + X key combination simultaneously.
  2. From the menu that appears, select Shut down or sign out.
  3. Choose Restart.

Restarting Through the Apple Menu on macOS If you’re using a Mac, the Apple menu provides easy access to various system functions. To restart your Mac, follow these steps:

  1. Click on the Apple menu, typically located in the top left corner of the screen.
  2. From the drop-down menu, select Restart.

III. Restarting with Keyboard Shortcuts

Harnessing the Power of Keyboard Shortcuts Keyboard shortcuts are an efficient way to perform tasks without relying on mouse clicks or navigating through multiple menus. Let’s explore some commonly used keyboard shortcuts for restarting your computer on both Windows and macOS.

Restarting with Keyboard Shortcuts

Overview of Keyboard Shortcuts for Different Operating Systems Keyboard shortcuts vary between operating systems. Here are the essential shortcuts for restarting your computer on Windows and macOS:


  • Using the Ctrl + Alt + Del combination: Press Ctrl + Alt + Del simultaneously to access a menu with various options, including Restart.
  • Pressing Win + X and selecting Restart: Simultaneously press the Win + X keys to open the Power User menu, then choose Restart.


  • Utilizing the Control + Command + Power button: Press Control + Command + Power (or Control + Command + Touch ID button) simultaneously to trigger a restart.
  • Pressing Control + Command + Eject key combination: On Macs with a physical eject key, press Control + Command + Eject to initiate a restart.

IV. Keyboard Shortcuts for Restarting Specific Applications

Effortlessly Restarting Web Browsers Web browsers can sometimes become unresponsive or encounter issues that hinder your browsing experience. Restarting the browser can help resolve these problems quickly. Here are some keyboard shortcuts for restarting popular web browsers:

Google Chrome:

  • Restarting with Ctrl + Shift + Q (twice): Press Ctrl + Shift + Q twice in rapid succession to close and reopen Google Chrome.

Mozilla Firefox:

  • Restarting with Ctrl + Shift + Q (twice): Press Ctrl + Shift + Q twice to close and reopen Mozilla Firefox.

Microsoft Edge:

  • Restarting with Alt + F4: Press Alt + F4 to close Microsoft Edge and then reopen the browser.

Restarting File Explorer or Finder File Explorer in Windows and Finder in macOS are essential tools for navigating files and folders. In case they become unresponsive or encounter issues, restarting them can often resolve the problem. Here’s how to do it using keyboard shortcuts:


  • Restarting with Alt + F4: Press Alt + F4 to close File Explorer and reopen it.


  • Restarting with Command + Option + Esc: Press Command + Option + Esc simultaneously to open the Force Quit Applications window. Select Finder and click the Relaunch button.

V. Restarting in Safe Mode with Keyboard

Restarting in Safe Mode with Keyboard

Troubleshooting in Windows Safe Mode Safe Mode is a diagnostic mode in Windows that allows you to troubleshoot and identify problematic software or drivers. Restarting your computer in Safe Mode can help diagnose and resolve issues. Here are two methods to enter Safe Mode on Windows:

Using Shift + Restart in Windows 10:

  1. Click on the Start button and select the Power icon.
  2. Hold down the Shift key on your keyboard and click Restart.
  3. Your computer will reboot into the Windows Recovery Environment. From there, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart.
  4. After the restart, press the appropriate key (usually F4 or F5) to enter Safe Mode.

Using F8 or Shift + F8 in Older Windows Versions:

  1. Restart your computer.
  2. As the computer starts up, continuously press the F8 key (or Shift + F8 for some versions).
  3. This will bring up the Advanced Boot Options menu. Select Safe Mode using the arrow keys and press Enter.

Restarting in macOS Safe Mode macOS also offers Safe Mode for troubleshooting and isolating software-related issues. To enter Safe Mode on macOS, follow these steps:

  1. Shut down your Mac.
  2. Press and hold the Shift key on your keyboard.
  3. While holding Shift, press the power button to turn on your Mac.
  4. Release the Shift key when you see the login screen.

VI. Troubleshooting Restarting Issues

Resolving Keyboard-Related Issues When it comes to restarting your computer with keyboard shortcuts, encountering keyboard-related issues can be frustrating. Here are some solutions to common keyboard problems:

Checking Keyboard Connection:

  • Ensure the keyboard is securely connected to your computer.
  • Try connecting the keyboard to a different USB port.
  • If using a wireless keyboard, check the batteries and ensure a stable connection.

Updating Keyboard Drivers:

  • Open the Device Manager on Windows or System Preferences on macOS.
  • Locate the keyboard device and right-click (Windows) or Control-click (macOS) on it.
  • Select Update driver software (Windows) or Update (macOS) to check for driver updates.

Resolving System-Related Issues If your computer encounters issues that prevent it from restarting properly, troubleshooting the system can help resolve the problem. Consider the following solutions:

Performing a System Scan for Errors:

  • On Windows, use the built-in System File Checker (SFC) tool or third-party software to scan and repair system files.
  • On macOS, use the built-in Disk Utility or third-party tools to scan and repair disk permissions and file system errors.

Checking for Software Conflicts:

VII. Customizing Keyboard Shortcuts for Restarting

Windows: Tailoring Shortcuts to Your Needs Windows provides various options for customizing keyboard shortcuts. Here are two methods to modify or create custom shortcuts for restarting your computer:

Using Third-Party Software for Customization:

  • Install third-party software like AutoHotkey or SharpKeys, which allow you to remap keys and create custom shortcuts.

Modifying Keyboard Shortcuts through the Registry Editor:

  • Open the Run dialog box by pressing Win + R and type “regedit” to open the Registry Editor.
  • Navigate to the appropriate registry key for the desired shortcut and modify the values accordingly.

macOS: Personalizing Your Keyboard Shortcuts On macOS, you can modify keyboard shortcuts using built-in settings. Here’s how to do it:

Utilizing Third-Party Apps for Customization:

  • Install applications such as Karabiner-Elements or BetterTouchTool, which provide extensive customization options for keyboard shortcuts.

Modifying Keyboard Shortcuts in System Preferences:

  • Open the Apple menu and select System Preferences.
  • Choose Keyboard > Shortcuts and click on the desired category (e.g., App Shortcuts, Services).
  • Customize or create new shortcuts as needed.

VIII. Additional Tips and Tricks

Enhancing Efficiency with Sleep and Hibernate Modes In addition to restarting, utilizing sleep and hibernate modes can help conserve power and quickly resume your computer activities. Here’s a quick overview:

Sleep Mode:

  • Press the appropriate key combination (e.g., Win + X, U, S on Windows) to put your computer into sleep mode.
  • To wake it up, simply press a key or click the mouse.

Hibernate Mode:

  • On Windows, type “powercfg -h on” in the Command Prompt to enable hibernation.
  • Press the appropriate key combination (e.g., Win + X, U, H on Windows) to put your computer into hibernate mode.
  • To wake it up, press the power button.

Using Task Manager or Activity Monitor for Troubleshooting When your computer encounters persistent issues, the Task Manager (Windows) or Activity Monitor (macOS) can provide valuable insights and help identify resource-hungry processes. Here’s how to access them:


  • Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open the Task Manager.
  • Review the processes and resource usage in the different tabs.


  • Open Finder, navigate to Applications > Utilities, and double-click on Activity Monitor.
  • Explore the CPU, Memory, Energy, and Disk tabs to analyze processes and resource usage.

Restarting a Remote Computer with Keyboard Shortcuts In certain scenarios, you may need to restart a remote computer. By utilizing remote desktop software and specific keyboard shortcuts, you can achieve this efficiently. Ensure you have the necessary permissions and follow the instructions provided by the remote desktop software you are using.


Unlocking Efficiency and Empowering Performance In conclusion, mastering keyboard shortcuts and understanding the benefits of restarting your computer are invaluable skills for enhancing your productivity and resolving issues efficiently. By delving into the purpose of restarting, exploring common methods and shortcuts, troubleshooting potential problems, and customizing your experience, you can optimize your computer usage to its fullest potential. Remember, embracing these tips and tricks empowers you to navigate the digital landscape with ease and efficiency. So, start exploring and utilizing keyboard shortcuts today, and witness the transformative impact they can have on your computer experience.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How do I restart my computer with keyboard in Windows?

There are a few ways to restart your computer with keyboard in Windows. Here are two of the most popular methods:
Using the Alt + F4 shortcut: Press Alt + F4 on your keyboard. This will bring up the Shut Down Windows dialog box. Use the arrow keys to select “Restart” and press Enter.
Using the Ctrl + Alt + Delete shortcut: Press Ctrl + Alt + Delete on your keyboard. This will open the Windows Security dialog box. Click the Power icon and select “Restart”.

How do I restart my computer with keyboard in Mac?

To restart your Mac with keyboard, follow these steps:
Press and hold the Command + Option + Esc keys.
When the Force Quit dialog box appears, select the app that you want to restart and click the “Force Quit” button.
When the app has been forced to quit, press the Command + R keys to restart your Mac.

What are the benefits of restarting my computer with keyboard?

There are a few benefits to restarting your computer with keyboard. First, it can be a quick and easy way to restart your computer if you’re unable to use the mouse or trackpad. Second, it can be helpful if you’re experiencing problems with your computer that restarting with the mouse or trackpad doesn’t fix.

What are the risks of restarting my computer with keyboard?

There are no major risks associated with restarting your computer with keyboard. However, if you’re not careful, you could accidentally restart an app that you’re currently using. Additionally, if you have any unsaved work, you could lose it when your computer restarts.

What are the different keyboard shortcuts for restarting a computer?

The keyboard shortcuts for restarting a computer vary depending on the operating system. Here are some of the most common keyboard shortcuts:
Windows: Alt + F4
Mac: Command + Option + Esc
Linux: Ctrl + Alt + Backspace

How to restart a computer manually?

If you’re unable to restart your computer with keyboard, you can always restart it manually by holding down the power button for five seconds. This will force your computer to shut down and then restart.

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